After decades of unsustainable land use planning, the need for sustainable urban forms is now emerging. Unfortunately, no consensus on which form to promote has yet been reached, though two dominant and contradictory theories about sustainable urban form currently prevail: the compact city and the dispersed city. Ultimately, which form to promote will depend on the sustainability issue in question. Whereas the compact city is favourable in terms of reducing energy consumption, protecting the global environment, and achieving better accessibility to transport for low-mobility groups, the dispersed city is favourable in terms of reducing local pollution, easing congestion, and achieving better access to green recreational areas. Decentralised concentration, however, seems to combine the energy efficiency gained from the compact city with the broader quality-of-life aspects gained from the dispersed city.
- Year: 2012
- Language: English