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Rapport frå 8. Møte i Ad Hoc Group on the Berlin Mandate (AGBM), Bonn 22.-31. Oktober 1997

Asbjørn Torvanger (Policy Note;1997:03)

The state of the Kyoto Protocol negotiations: After the fourth UNFCCC Conference of the Parties (COP4) in Buenos Aires 2-13 November 1998

Asbjørn Torvanger (Policy Note;1998:05)

The fourth Conference of the Parties (COP4) under the Climate Convention (UNFCCC) took place in Buenos Aires, Argentina, from 2–13 November 1998. Summing up the conference, the main impression is that the climate process is moving ahead, but the speed is slower than many had anticipated and hoped....

Who governs the environmental policy in the EU? A study of the process towards a common climate target

Gerhardsen, Marte (Policy Note;1998:04)

The agreement in the Environment Council of March 1997 came as a surprise to most observers and the target was immediately regarded as a radical contribution to the international negotiation process. The Council lists up a number of national circumstances that have been taken into account when decid...

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and scientific consensus: How scientists come to say what they say about climate change

Skodvin, Tora, Knut H. Alfsen (Policy Note;1998:03)

In its Second Assessment Report (SAR) from 1995 the IPCC concluded that «The balance of evidence, from changes in global mean surface air temperature and from changes in geographical, seasonal and vertical patterns of atmospheric temperature, suggests a discernible human influence on global clima...

Flexible instruments in climate policy

Knut H. Alfsen (Policy Note;1999:01)

The presentation covers three main themes:Flexible mechanisms and cost effectiveness. Taxes vs. emission quotas: Some lessons from Norway. Some issues related to the construction of a national emission trading regime.

Kostnader ved miljø- og helseskader ved luftforurensninger: Vurdering av skadefunksjonsmetoden opp mot metoder basert på uttrykte preferanser

Aunan, Kristin, Hans Martin Seip, Hans Asbjørn Aaheim (Policy Note;1998:06)

For vurdering og verdsetting av miljø og helseskader kan det anvendes "top-down" (TD) eller "bottom-up" (BU) metoder (Aaheim, 1994; Aunan et al., 1995; Swisher, 1996). I TD metoder benyttes makro-økonomiske modeller; noe som er spesielt egnet for å analysere virkningene av indirekte tiltak (skatter...

Wealth, Welfare and Sustainable Growth and Development: Challenges of Economic- and Fiscal Policies in Resource-Producing Countries

Moe, Thorvald (Policy Note;2011:01)

This Policy Note discuses, based on modern development theory and wealth accounting, challenges for economic- and fiscal policies in resource-producing countries defined as countries - both developed and developing low income countries - which rely heavily on non-renewable or exhaustible natural wea...

Virkemidler som virker i klimapolitikken? Om fleksible virkemidler og et nasjonalt kvotesystem

Knut H. Alfsen (Policy Note;1999:02)

Debatten om norsk virkemiddelbruk i klimapolitikken tok et stort steg framover sommeren 1998 med Stortingets vedtak om utredning og innføring av et nasjonalt kvotesystem. Spørsmålet om hvilke virkemidler vi skal bruke i klimapolitikken er derfor nå mer knyttet til hva slags kvotesystem vi ønsker og...

Gratiskvoter til industrien - ikke så enkelt

Holtsmark, Bjart (Policy Note;1999:06)

Stortinget ønsker et norsk marked for omsettelige utslippskvoter for klimagasser og et offentlig utvalg (Kvoteutvalget) utreder mulighetene for å etablere et marked. Et vanskelig tema er gratiskvoter som virkemiddel for å sikre opprettholdelse av industribedrifter. Det er kanskje vanskeligere enn ma...

Social and political barriers to green tax reform: The case of CO2-taxes in Norway

Sjur Kasa (Policy Note;1999:05)

In this paper, I present the story of several attempts to tax Norwegian mainland emission intensive industries during the 1990s. These industries, mainly made up of aluminium and ferro-alloy producers located in the Norwegian countryside, and a series of planned gas-powered power stations along the...