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From the Kyoto Protocol to the fossil fuel market: A model analysis

Holtsmark, Bjart (Working Paper;1998:09)

Implementation of the Kyoto Protocol will change the energy markets. The resulting price shifts will represent important terms-of-trade changes. The paper explores how the different countries’ relationship to the fossil fuel markets will cause variations in the costs from implementation of Kyoto Pro...

Distribution of emission costs under different regulation schemes in Norway

Godal, Odd, Holtsmark, Bjart (Working Paper;1998:08)

The main aim of this paper is to describe how today's carbon dioxide (CO2) tax scheme affects the various sectors of the Norwegian economy. Furthermore, we want to illuminate some possible distributive consequences that various climate policy designs could involve. The common denominator for the...

Wind energy development and dissemination in China: Prospects and constraints in an institutional context

Gan, Lin (Working Paper;1998:07)

This study is intended to provide a better understanding of the functional roles and dynamics of institutions in determining the effectiveness of national and regional public-sector initiatives to promote the dissemination of wind turbine technologies in China. The structures, roles, and relationshi...

Climate policy, asymmetric information and firm survival

Hagem, Cathrine (Working Paper;1998:10)

The purpose of this paper is to compare the effect of different domestic climate policy instruments under asymmetric information when the regulator wants to secure the survival of a specific firm. It is a well-known result from economic theory that emission taxes lead to a cost-effective distributio...

Nasjonal klimapolitikk i lys av Kyoto-protokollen

Holtsmark, Bjart (Working Paper;1998:12)

Artikkelen drøfter valg og dosering av klimapolitiske tiltak på den nasjonale arena i et land som er bundet av en utslippsforpliktelse i Kyoto-protokollen. Den vanlige antakelsen om at en klimagassavgift skal være lik kvoteprisen internasjonalt modifiseres. Det vises at et riktig utformet avgiftssys...

Climate change: Some elements from the scientific background and the scientific process

Skodvin, Tora, Knut H. Alfsen, Jan S. Fuglestvedt (Working Paper;1998:11)

Concluding remarks: On the nature of the climate problem The problem of climate change is not, despite popular conception, mainly a problem of increased global average temperature. The seriousness of the problem is more related to the potential variability and instability of the global climate and...

An efficient and accurate carbon cycle model for use in simple climate models

Knut H. Alfsen, Terje K. Berntsen (Working Paper;1999:01)

The aim of this publication is to document a simple model of the atmospheric CO2 concentration based on exogenous input of anthropogenic emission of CO2 and taking air-sea exchange and biospheric responses into account. The approach described by Joos et al (1996) is based on the application o...

An economic approach to the analysis of country interests and positions in climate negotiations

Hans Asbjørn Aaheim (Working Paper;1998:14)

The publication develops an approach to the appraisal of economic interests and positions in climate negotiations. The approach is based on a full-scale analysis of costs and benefits of climate treaties. Interest is defined as the ‘best’ treaty a country can obtain, that is, the policy they woul...

Reduced damage to health and environment from energy saving: A methodology for integrated assessment applied to a case study in Hungary

Aunan, Kristin (Working Paper;1998:13)

Environmental problems have different characteristics in terms of space and time. Noise, for instance, affects only those being close to the source, and the problem is instantly solved for these if the source is removed. Health effects resulting from local sources of air pollutants may disappear ver...

Science-policy interaction in the global greenhouse: Institutional design and institutional performance in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

Skodvin, Tora (Working Paper;1999:03)

Research input constitutes a key component in the development of effective international environmental regimes. Scientific knowledge is called for not only in the design of policies that are effective in terms of solving the problems for which they were designed, but also (increasingly) in the ident...