CICERO - Center for International Climate Research

Phone: +47 22 00 47 01 /


Senior researcher

Twitter: @gunnarmy


IPCC, AR5, WG1, Chapter 8, Anthropogenic and Natural Radiative Forcing, DOI: 10.1017/CBO9781107415324.018


Key 5 publications:

Myhre, G., O. Boucher, F-M, Breon, P. Forster, D. Shindell, 2015, Declining uncertainty in transient climate response as CO2 forcing dominates future climate change, Nature Geoscience, 8, doi:10.1038/ngeo2371, 181-185.

Hodnebrog, Ø., Myhre, G. and Samset, B., 2014, How shorter black carbon lifetime alters its climate effect, Nature Communication, 5, 5065.

Samset, B. H., Myhre, G., Herber, A., Kondo, Y., Li, S. M., Moteki, N., Koike, M., Oshima, N., Schwarz, J. P., Balkanski, Y., Bauer, S. E., Bellouin, N., Berntsen, T. K., Bian, H., Chin, M., Diehl, T., Easter, R. C., Ghan, S. J., Iversen, T., Kirkevåg, A., Lamarque, J. F., Lin, G., Liu, X., Penner, J. E., Schulz, M., Seland, Ø., Skeie, R. B., Stier, P., Takemura, T., Tsigaridis, K. and Zhang, K. , 2014, Modelled black carbon radiative forcing and atmospheric lifetime in AeroCom Phase II constrained by aircraft observations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14(22), 12465-12477.

Myhre, G., B. H. Samset, M. Schulz, Y. Balkanski, S. Bauer, T. K. Berntsen, H. Bian, N. Bellouin, M. Chin, T. Diehl, R. C. Easter, J. Feichter, S. J. Ghan, D. Hauglustaine, T. Iversen, S. Kinne, A. Kirkevåg, J.-F. Lamarque, G. Lin, X. Liu, M.T. Lund, G. Luo, X. Ma,T. van Noije, J. E. Penner, P. J. Rasch, A. Ruiz, Ø. Seland, R. B. Skeie, P. Stier, T. Takemura, K. Tsigaridis, P. Wang, Z. Wang, L. Xu, H. Yu, F. Yu, J.-H. Yoon, K. Zhang, H. Zhang, and C. Zhou, Radiative forcing of the direct aerosol effect from AeroCom Phase II simulations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 1853-1877.

Myhre, G., 2009, Consistency between satellite-derived and modelled estimates of the direct aerosol effect, Science, 325, 187-190


Publications and outreach at CICERO

Gå til: Journal article Report/dissertation

Journal article


  • Maria Sand, Bjørn Hallvard Samset, Kostas Tsigaridis, Susanne E. Bauer, Gunnar Myhre, 2020 Black Carbon and Precipitation: An Energetics Perspective Journal of Geophysical Research (JGR): Space Physics, EN
  • Julie M. Nicely, Bryan Duncan, Thomas F. Hanisco, Glenn M. Wolfe, Ross J. Salawitch, Makoto Deushi, Amund Søvde Haslerud, Patrick Jöckel, Béatrice Josse, Douglas E. Kinnison, Andrew Klekociuk, Michael E. Manyin, Virginie Marécal, Olaf Morgenstern, Lee T. Murray, Gunnar Myhre, Luke D. Oman, Giovanni Pitari, Andrea Pozzer, Ilaria Quaglia, Laura E. Revell, Eugene Rozanov, Andrea Stenke, Kane Stone, Susan E. Strahan, Simone Tilmes, Holger Tost, Daniel M. Westervelt, Guang Zeng, 2020 A machine learning examination of hydroxyl radical differences among model simulations for CCMI-1 Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Copernicus GmbH, EN
  • Keith Peter Shine, Gunnar Myhre, 2020 The Spectral Nature of Stratospheric Temperature Adjustment and its Application to Halocarbon Radiative Forcing Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, EN
  • Johannes Mülmenstädt, Christine Nam, Marc Salzmann, Jan Kretzschmar, Tristan S. L'Ecuyer, Ulrike Lohmann, Po-Lun Ma, Gunnar Myhre, David Neubauer, Philip Stier, Kentaroh Suzuki, Minghuai Wang, Johannes Quaas, 2020 Reducing the aerosol forcing uncertainty using observational constraints on warm rain processes Science Advances, American Association for the Advancement of Science, EN
  • Nicolas Bellouin, Johannes Quaas, Edward Gryspeerdt, Stephan A. Kinne, Philip Stier, Duncan Watson-Parris, Oliviér Boucher, Kenneth S. Carslaw, Matthew W. Christensen, Anne-Laure Daniau, Jean-Louis Dufresne, Graham Feingold, Stephanie Fiedler, Piers Maxwell Forster, Andrew Gettelman, Jim M. Haywood, Ulrike Lohmann, Florent F. Malavelle, Thorsten Mauritsen, Daniel T. McCoy, Gunnar Myhre, Johannes Mülmenstädt, David Neubauer, Anna Possner, Maria A.A. Rugenstein, Yousuke Sato, M Schulz, Stephen E. Schwartz, Odran Sourdeval, Trude Storelvmo, Velle Toll, David M. Winker, Björn Stevens, 2020 Bounding global aerosol radiative forcing of climate change Reviews of Geophysics, EN


  • Sarah M. Kang, Matt Hawcroft, Baoqiang Xiang, Yen-Ting Hwang, Gabriel Cazes, Francis Codron, Traute Crueger, Clara Deser, Øivind Hodnebrog, Hanjun Kim, Jiyeong Kim, Yu Kosaka, Teresa Losada, Carlos R. Mechoso, Gunnar Myhre, Øyvind Seland, Björn Stevens, Masahiro Watanabe, Sungduk Yu, 2019 Extratropical–Tropical Interaction Model Intercomparison Project (ETIN-MIP): Protocol and Initial results Bulletin of The American Meteorological Society - (BAMS), EN
  • Wenche Aas, Augustin Mortier, Van C. Bowersox, Ribu Cherian, Greg Faluvegi, Hilde Fagerli, Jenny Hand, Zbigniew Klimont, Corinne Galy-Lacaux, Christopher M.B. Lehmann, Cathrine Lund Myhre, Gunnar Myhre, Dirk Jan Leo Oliviè, Keiichi Sato, Johannes Quaas, Pasumarthi Surya Prakasa Rao, M Schulz, Drew Shindell, Ragnhild Bieltvedt Skeie, Ariel Stein, Toshihiko Takemura, Svetlana G. Tsyro, Robert Vet, Xiaobin Xu, 2019 Global and regional trends of atmospheric sulfur Scientific Reports, EN
  • Euan G. Nisbet, M. R. Manning, E. J. Dlugokencky, R. E. Fisher, Dave Lowry, S. E. Michel, Cathrine Lund Myhre, Stephen Matthew Platt, Grant Allen, P Bousquet, R. Brownlow, Michelle Cain, J. L. France, Ove Hermansen, R. Hossaini, A. E. Jones, I. Levin, A. C. Manning, Gunnar Myhre, J. A. Pyle, B. Vaughn, N. J. Warwick, James W. C. White, 2019 Very Strong Atmospheric Methane Growth in the 4 Years 2014-2017: Implications for the Paris Agreement Global Biogeochemical Cycles, EN
  • Øivind Hodnebrog, Gunnar Myhre, Bjørn Hallvard Samset, Kari Alterskjær, Timothy Andrews, Oliviér Boucher, Gregory S. Faluvegi, Dagmar Fläschner, Piers M. Forster, Matthew Kasoar, Alf Kirkevåg, Jean-François Lamarque, Dirk Jan Leo Oliviè, Thomas Benjamin Richardson, Dilshad Shawki, Drew Shindell, Keith P Shine, Philip Stier, Toshihiko Takemura, Apostolos Voulgarakis, Duncan Watson-Parris, 2019 Water vapour adjustments and responses differ between climate drivers Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Copernicus GmbH, EN
  • Camilla Weum Stjern, Marianne Tronstad Lund, Bjørn Hallvard Samset, Gunnar Myhre, Piers M. Forster, Timothy Andrews, Olivier Boucher, Gregory Faluvegi, Dagmar Fläschner, Trond Iversen, Matthew Kasoar, Viatcheslav Kharin, Alf Kirkevåg, Jean-François Lamarque, Dirk Jan Leo Oliviè, Thomas Richardson, Maria Sand, Dilshad Shawki, Drew Shindell, Christopher J. Smith, Toshihiko Takemura, Apostolos Voulgarakis, 2019 Arctic Amplification Response to Individual Climate Drivers Journal of Geophysical Research (JGR): Space Physics, EN
  • Tao Tang, D Shindell, G. Faluvegi, Gunnar Myhre, Dirk Jan Leo Oliviè, A. Voulgarakis, Matthew Kasoar, T. Andrews, O. Boucher, Piers M. Forster, Øivind Hodnebrog, Trond Iversen, Alf Kirkevåg, Jean-François Lamarque, T. Richardson, Bjørn Hallvard Samset, Camilla Weum Stjern, Toshihiko Takemura, C. Smith, 2019 Comparison of Effective Radiative Forcing Calculations Using Multiple Methods, Drivers, and Models Journal of Geophysical Research (JGR): Space Physics, EN
  • Gunnar Myhre, Kari Alterskjær, Camilla Weum Stjern, Øivind Hodnebrog, Louis Marelle-Sebrechts, Bjørn Hallvard Samset, Jana Sillmann, Nathalie Schaller, Erich Fischer, M Schulz, Andreas Stohl, 2019 Frequency of extreme precipitation increases extensively with event rareness under global warming Scientific Reports, EN
  • Thomas B. Richardson, Piers Maxwell de Ferranti Forster, Christopher J. Smith, Amanda C. Maycock, Tom Wood, Timothy Andrews, Oliviér Boucher, Gregory Faluvegi, Dagmar Fläschner, Øivind Hodnebrog, Matthew Kasoar, Alf Kirkevåg, Jean-François Lamarque, Johannes Mülmenstädt, Gunnar Myhre, Dirk Jan Leo Oliviè, Robert W. Portmann, Bjørn Hallvard Samset, Dilshad Shawki, Drew T. Shindell, Philip Stier, Toshihiko Takemura, Apostolos Voulgarakis, Duncan Watson-Parris, 2019 Efficacy of climate forcings in PDRMIP models Journal of Geophysical Research (JGR): Space Physics, EN
  • Bjørn Hallvard Samset, Marianne Tronstad Lund, Massimo Bollasina, Gunnar Myhre, Laura J. Wilcox, 2019 Emerging Asian aerosol patterns Nature Geoscience, EN
  • Øivind Hodnebrog, Louis Marelle-Sebrechts, Kari Alterskjær, Raul R. Wood, R. Ludwig, Erich M. Fischer, Thomas B. Richardson, Piers M. Forster, Jana Sillmann, Gunnar Myhre, 2019 Intensification of summer precipitation with shorter time-scales in Europe Environmental Research Letters, EN
  • Jana Sillmann, Camilla Weum Stjern, Gunnar Myhre, Bjørn Hallvard Samset, Øivind Hodnebrog, Timothy Andrews, Oliviér Boucher, Gregory Faluvegi, Piers Forster, Matthew R. Kasoar, Viatcheslav V. Kharin, Alf Kirkevåg, Jean-Francois Lamarque, Dirk Jan Leo Oliviè, Thomas B. Richardson, Drew Shindell, Toshihiko Takemura, Apostolos Voulgarakis, Francis W. Zwiers, 2019 Extreme wet and dry conditions affected differently by greenhouse gases and aerosols npj Climate and Atmospheric Science, EN
  • Marianne Tronstad Lund, Gunnar Myhre, Bjørn Hallvard Samset, 2019 Anthropogenic aerosol forcing under the Shared Socioeconomic Pathways Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Copernicus GmbH, EN
  • Vijay Ramaswamy, William D Collins, Jim M. Haywood, J. Lean, N. Mahowald, Gunnar Myhre, V. Naik, Keith P Shine, B.J. Soden, G. Stenchikov, Trude Storelvmo, 2019 Radiative Forcing of Climate: The Historical Evolution of the Radiative Forcing Concept, the Forcing Agents and their Quantification, and Applications AMS Meteorological Monographs, EN