CICERO - Center for International Climate Research

Phone: +47 22 00 47 51 /


Meteorologist with special interest in atmospheric particles

Maria uses global climate models to understand how particles and other short-lived forcers in the atmosphere impact the climate system. Her research focuses on the Arctic region, and the radiative forcing and climate response of black carbon aerosols. Maria holds a PhD in Atmospheric Sciences from the University of Oslo. She is currently a guest researcher at NASA GISS, New York.


Publications and outreach at CICERO

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Journal article



  • Maria Sand, Bjørn Hallvard Samset, Yves Balkanski, Susanne Bauer, Nicolas Bellouin, Terje K. Berntsen, Huisheng Bian, Mian Chin, Thomas Diehl, Richard Easter, Steve J. Ghan, Trond Iversen, Alf Kirkevåg, Jean-Francois Lamarque, Guangxing Lin, Xiaohong Liu, Gan Luo, Gunnar Myhre, Twan P.C. Van Noije, Joyce E. Penner, M Schulz, Øyvind Seland, Ragnhild Bieltvedt Skeie, Philip Stier, Toshihiko Takemura, Kostas Tsigaridis, Fangqun Yu, Kai Zhang, Hua Zhang, 2017 Aerosols at the poles: an AeroCom Phase II multi-model evaluation Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Copernicus, EN