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Visjoner av lavkarbon Norge

Harald Francke Lund, Christian Bjørnæs, Asbjørn Torvanger, Oort, Bob E.H. van (Reports;2016:09)

Vi har utviklet visjoner av Norge i 2050 som et lavkarbon og klimarobust samfunn, basert på innspill fra en referansegruppe fra næringsliv, organisasjoner, myndigheter, forskningsmiljø og miljøorganisasjoner. De viktigste kjennetegnene for lavkarbon Norge er: Veitrafikk og skipstrafikk har blitt ka...

Instruments to incentivize private climate finance for developing countries

Christa Clapp, Kamleshan Pillay, Asbjørn Torvanger, Narbel, Patrick (Report;2016:08)

Multiple financial instruments are available to de-risk or reduce costs related to climate mitigation measures and projects in developing countries. The financial instruments can be divided into the categories: revenue support, credit enhancement, direct investments, and insurance. More of these ins...

Luftfart og klima - En oppdatert oversikt over status for forskning på klimaeffekter av utslipp fra fly

Jan S. Fuglestvedt, Borgar Aamaas (Report;2016:05)

Denne rapporten gir en oppdatert oversikt over hvordan og i hvilken grad de ulike utslippene fra flytrafikk påvirker klima basert på den nyeste forskningen. For å forstå den totale klimaeffekten av luftfart er det viktig å inkludere alle mekanismene som bidrar til klimapåvirkning, samt hvordan disse...

Klimapolitikken i Norden - En sammenligning av mål og virkemidler i de nordiske landene

Merethe Dotterud Leiren, Bård Lahn (Report;2016:07)

Rapporten sammenligner klimapolitikken i Danmark, Finland, Island, Norge og Sverige. Hovedvekten er lagt på landenes klimamål, overordnet lovverk og sentral virkemiddelbruk. Det gis også en mer dyptgående beskrivelse av klimalovene som er innført eller under utarbeidelse i de nordiske landene, og av...

Climate Footprints of Norwegian Dairy and Meat - a Synthesis

Robbie Andrew, Bob van Oort (Report;2016:06)

This report reviews the current literature on meat, milk and dairy, with a special focus on Norway. To understand differences in reported emissions, the report explains the variation in methodological approaches such as division over co-products, functional unit selection, and system boundaries. Cat...

What’s Fair – and Why? An Empirical Analysis of Distributive Fairness in the Climate Negotiations

Tørstad, Vegard H. (Report;2016:04)

In the climate negotiations, conceptions of fairness plays an important role. For a climate agreement to be effective and durable, it must be conceived as fair by as many of its parties as possible. Unfortunately, there is hardly a consensus in the negotiations on what a fair agreement should consti...

Green Bonds and Environmental Integrity: Insights from CICERO Second Opinions

Kamleshan Pillay, Harald Francke Lund, Knut H. Alfsen, Christa Clapp (Policy Note;2016:01)

This policy note shares insights from CICERO's experience in producing over 60 second opinions. Insights on the environmental integrity of green bonds include: 1) Management that is aligned for climate risk can give greater confidence in a green bond, 2) Internal dialogue with environmental experts...

Norway’s role in supporting green growth in developing countries

(Report;2016:03)

This report discusses green growth in developing countries, and Norway's role supporting such a green development strategy. After defining green growth in the context of developing countries, the report discusses indicators of green growth, barriers, and prominent instruments to facilitate green gro...

Establishing a baseline for monitoring and evaluating user satisfaction with climate services in Tanzania

Jennifer Joy West, Yanda, Pius Z., Daly, Meaghan E. (Report;2016:02)

This report is an output from the Global Framework for Climate Services Adaptation Program in Africa (GFCS-APA) Tanzania country activities. The aim of the report is to establish a baseline for monitoring “User Satisfaction with Climate Services” at the national, district, and local levels, with a f...

Business as UNusual: the implications of fossil divestment and green bonds for financial flows, economic growth and energy market

Solveig Glomsrød (Working Paper;2016:01)

Green bonds and fossil divestment has emerged as a bottom-up approach to climate action within the business community. Recent pledges by large banks and institutional investors have reached levels that have the potential to contribute markedly to a low carbon transition. This paper traces the impact...