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An economic approach to the analysis of country interests and positions in climate negotiations

Hans Asbjørn Aaheim (Working Paper;1998:14)

The publication develops an approach to the appraisal of economic interests and positions in climate negotiations. The approach is based on a full-scale analysis of costs and benefits of climate treaties. Interest is defined as the ‘best’ treaty a country can obtain, that is, the policy they woul...

Reduced damage to health and environment from energy saving: A methodology for integrated assessment applied to a case study in Hungary

Aunan, Kristin (Working Paper;1998:13)

Environmental problems have different characteristics in terms of space and time. Noise, for instance, affects only those being close to the source, and the problem is instantly solved for these if the source is removed. Health effects resulting from local sources of air pollutants may disappear ver...

Science-policy interaction in the global greenhouse: Institutional design and institutional performance in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

Skodvin, Tora (Working Paper;1999:03)

Research input constitutes a key component in the development of effective international environmental regimes. Scientific knowledge is called for not only in the design of policies that are effective in terms of solving the problems for which they were designed, but also (increasingly) in the ident...

The Impact of Trial Runs on the Acceptability of Pigouvian Taxes: Experimental Evidence

Steffen Kallbekken, Kroll, Stephan, Todd L. Cherry (Working Paper;2011:01)

This paper examines the political difficulty of enacting welfare-enhancing Pigouvian taxes. Using referenda in a market experiment with externalities, we investigate the effect of trial periods on the acceptability of two theoretically equivalent variants of Pigouvian taxes. While implementing eithe...

A simple model for scenario studies of changes in global climate: Version 1.0

Terje K. Berntsen, Jan S. Fuglestvedt (Working Paper;1999:02)

This paper gives a documentation of a simple climate model for studying the effects of future climate gas emissions on global mean temperature and sea level. Input to the model is global emissions of 29 gases. Atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) is calculated on the basis of work publi...

A comparison of taxes and tradable permits in national climate policy

Holtsmark, Bjart (Working Paper;1999:08)

This article discusses domestic climate policy design in a country that has made a binding commitment to the Kyoto Protocol but at the same time want to limit the number of industry shutdowns that follows from the policy. It is furthermore considered how public budget constraints might affect climat...

Institutional barriers to commercialisation of wind power in India: The case of Gujarat

Amal-Lee, Amin (Working Paper;1999:07)

Institutional support for encouraging renewable energy technologies in India, is strong at the state, the national and international levels. Within Gujarat a range of underlying drivers and more explicit policies and incentives have encouraged private investment in wind power. The Gujarat Electricit...

Kostnadseffektiv klimapolitikk med doble gevinster

Holtsmark, Bjart (Working Paper;1999:06)

Publikajsonen drøfter valg og dosering av klimapolitiske tiltak i et land som er bundet av en utslippsforpliktelse i Kyotoprotokollen, men samtidig tar hensyn til en offentlig budsjettbetingelse. Antakelsen om at en klimagassavgift skal være lik kvoteprisen internasjonalt nyanseres. Det vises at...

Wind energy technology development and diffusion: A case study of Inner Mongolia, China

Wenqiang, Liu, Shuhua, Gu, Gan, Lin, Xiliang, Zhang (Working Paper;1999:05)

This study provides an overview of the diffusion of small household wind generators and development of wind farms in Inner Mongolia, China with the emphasis on policy and institutional perspectives. It analyzes the patterns of wind technology diffusion within social, economic, and environmental cont...

Institutional dynamics and barriers in wind energy development: A case study of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh, India

Jagadeesh, Anumakonda (Working Paper;1999:04)

Tamil Nadu state had 719 MW of windfarm capacity by September 1998 out of the country’s total figure of 992 MW, while Andhra Pradesh had 58 MW installed capacity. 1995-96 saw a boom when 282 MW windfarms were set up in Tamil Nadu and the capacity in Andhra Pradesh increased by 39 MW. Subsequently, t...