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Climate change: Some elements from the scientific background and the scientific process

Knut H. Alfsen, Jan S. Fuglestvedt, Tora Skodvin (Working Paper;1998:11)

Concluding remarks: On the nature of the climate problem The problem of climate change is not, despite popular conception, mainly a problem of increased global average temperature. The seriousness of the problem is more related to the potential variability and instability of the global climate and...

An efficient and accurate carbon cycle model for use in simple climate models

Knut H. Alfsen, Terje K. Berntsen (Working Paper;1999:01)

The aim of this publication is to document a simple model of the atmospheric CO2 concentration based on exogenous input of anthropogenic emission of CO2 and taking air-sea exchange and biospheric responses into account. The approach described by Joos et al (1996) is based on the application o...

An economic approach to the analysis of country interests and positions in climate negotiations

Hans Asbjørn Aaheim (Working Paper;1998:14)

The publication develops an approach to the appraisal of economic interests and positions in climate negotiations. The approach is based on a full-scale analysis of costs and benefits of climate treaties. Interest is defined as the ‘best’ treaty a country can obtain, that is, the policy they woul...

Reduced damage to health and environment from energy saving: A methodology for integrated assessment applied to a case study in Hungary

Kristin Aunan (Working Paper;1998:13)

Environmental problems have different characteristics in terms of space and time. Noise, for instance, affects only those being close to the source, and the problem is instantly solved for these if the source is removed. Health effects resulting from local sources of air pollutants may disappear ver...

Science-policy interaction in the global greenhouse: Institutional design and institutional performance in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

Tora Skodvin (Working Paper;1999:03)

Research input constitutes a key component in the development of effective international environmental regimes. Scientific knowledge is called for not only in the design of policies that are effective in terms of solving the problems for which they were designed, but also (increasingly) in the ident...

The Impact of Trial Runs on the Acceptability of Pigouvian Taxes: Experimental Evidence

Todd Cherry, Steffen Kallbekken, Stephan Kroll (Working Paper;2011:01)

This paper examines the political difficulty of enacting welfare-enhancing Pigouvian taxes. Using referenda in a market experiment with externalities, we investigate the effect of trial periods on the acceptability of two theoretically equivalent variants of Pigouvian taxes. While implementing eithe...

A simple model for scenario studies of changes in global climate: Version 1.0

Jan S. Fuglestvedt, Terje K. Berntsen (Working Paper;1999:02)

This paper gives a documentation of a simple climate model for studying the effects of future climate gas emissions on global mean temperature and sea level. Input to the model is global emissions of 29 gases. Atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) is calculated on the basis of work publi...

A comparison of taxes and tradable permits in national climate policy

Bjart Holtsmark (Working Paper;1999:08)

This article discusses domestic climate policy design in a country that has made a binding commitment to the Kyoto Protocol but at the same time want to limit the number of industry shutdowns that follows from the policy. It is furthermore considered how public budget constraints might affect climat...

Institutional barriers to commercialisation of wind power in India: The case of Gujarat

Amin Amal-Lee (Working Paper;1999:07)

Institutional support for encouraging renewable energy technologies in India, is strong at the state, the national and international levels. Within Gujarat a range of underlying drivers and more explicit policies and incentives have encouraged private investment in wind power. The Gujarat Electricit...

Kostnadseffektiv klimapolitikk med doble gevinster

Bjart Holtsmark (Working Paper;1999:06)

Publikajsonen drøfter valg og dosering av klimapolitiske tiltak i et land som er bundet av en utslippsforpliktelse i Kyotoprotokollen, men samtidig tar hensyn til en offentlig budsjettbetingelse. Antakelsen om at en klimagassavgift skal være lik kvoteprisen internasjonalt nyanseres. Det vises at...